Category Archives: 크로아티아어

크로아티아어 수업

Introduction to Croatian language: Syllables

Just like Korean language has syllables so does Croatian. However, they are not so obvious right away because Latin alphabet is written linearly and not organized into blocks like Hangul

A syllable can consists of any number of consonants (or none at all) but has to contain ONLY ONE vowel.

크로아티아어 음절로 나누다

In the sentence

Učenik je u školi.

학생이 학교 있어요.

syllables are as follows

U-če-nik je u ško-li.

Sometimes, if there are no other vowels near it, then ‘r’ is considered a vowel as well. That’s why words like ‘prst’ (손가락) are possible.

Syllables in Croatian language are only important when breaking the word that can’t fit into one line into the next one. For example,

Učenik je u ško-

li svaki dan.

So, if you are not certain where the syllables are, just move the whole word into the next line and you don’t need to bother with this.

Učenik je u

školi svaki dan.


크로아티아 알파벳

크로아티아 알파벳 문자Croatian alphabet (also called Gaj’s Latin alphabet) has 30 letters.

27 letter are depicted by one symbol that represents one sound. Only exceptions are the three letters ‘dž’ , ‘lj’ and ‘nj’ where two symbols represent one letter and one sound. So even though they may seem like two letters they are actually only one. Also, these combinations never occur as seperate letters. For example, if there is a ‘-nj-‘ sequence inside a word it is always one letter, and never ‘n’ and ‘j’ one after another.

Out of those 30 letter, 25 are consonants and 5 are vowels (‘a’, ‘e’, ‘i’, ‘o’, ‘u’).

Croatian pronunciation is easy to learn because no matter where the letter is located inside the word, the pronunciation stays the same. For example, syllables in mala (작은) and lama (라마) are pronounced the same in Croatian where is Korean the syllables 마 and 라 in 마라 and 라마 are pronounced differently.

Korean language and Croatian language have very few sounds that are actually equivalent, but I tried to find the closest matching sounds, where they existed. I marked with green color the ones that sound exactly the same to me.

If Hangul letter has different ways of being pronounced I added Korean word in brackets to show in which Korean word such sound actually appears.

대문자 소문자 한글
 A  a  
 B  b  ㅃ
 C  c  /
 Č  č  /
 Ć  ć  ㅊ (추)
 D  d   (바다)
 DŽ  dž  /
 Đ  đ  /
 E  e
 F  f  /
 G  g   (여기)
 H  h  
 I  i  
 J  j  ㅑ (없이 ‘ㅏ’)
 K  k  ㅋ
 L  l  ㄹ (서울)
 LJ  lj  /
 M  m  
 N  n  
 NJ  nj  냐 (없이 ‘ㅏ’)
 O  o  ㅓ
 P  p  ㅍ
 R  r  ㄹ (바라)
 S  s   (사)
 Š  š   (시)
 T  t  ㅌ (턱)
 U  u  
 V  v  /
 Z  z  /
 Ž ž  /